Windows OS Installation Guides

System Restoration is a feature that allows users to restore their computers to a previous state. Before performing a system restoration, users need to backup first their important files and proceed on the system restoration process. Different computers requires different Operating system. To easily understand how to reformat and reinstall a new Operating System on a computer, I prepared a quick guide here. Please feel free to comment about these presentations.

Installing Windows 2000 on your computer:

Note: You need to configure first the following on the BIOS settings before you could start in this process.

What you need:

  • Windows Bootable disk or Bootable flash drive containing the OS.
  • Spare time.
Before you start:

1. Access the BIOS of your computer.
2. Check if Hard Disk Drive is present and check your computer specification to make sure that the OS will be suited.
3. Set the Boot sequence in this order:

  • First Boot Device: CD or DVD ROM
  • Second Boot Device: Hard Disk Drive
4. Place the Bootable OS disk inside the optical drive.
5. Save and restart the computer

View more presentations from kapitanbasa.

Windows 2000 Professional Installation

Windows 2000 Professional desktop operating system requirements:
  1. 133 MHz or more Pentium microprocessor (or equivalent). Windows 2000 Professional supports up to two processors on a single computer.
  2. 64 megabytes (MB) of RAM recommended minimum. 32 MB of RAM is the minimum supported. 4 gigabytes (GB) of RAM is the maximum.
  3. A 2 GB hard disk that has 650 MB of free space. If you are installing over a network, more free hard disk space is required.
  4. VGA or higher-resolution monitor.
  5. Keyboard.
  6. Mouse or compatible pointing device (optional).
For CD-ROM installation:
  1. CD drive or DVD drive
  2. High-density 3.5-inch disk drive, unless your CD drive supports starting the Setup program from a CD
For network installation:
  1. Windows 2000-compatible network adapter and related cable (See the Hardware Compatibility List (Hcl.txt) in the Support folder on the Windows 2000 Professional CD)
  2. Access to the network share that contains the Setup files


1) This is the Windows Setup Screen. You can see here that windows setup is loading the driver files it needs to continue with installation.

2)The Welcome to Setup screen appear next giving the user the option of to continue Setup by pressing ENTER, Repair a previous installation by pressing R, or to quit installation by pressing F3.

3) The "Windows 2000 Licensing Agreement" screen, otherwise known as "EULA," displays the legal information for the Windows software package.� Press F8 to agree with the terms, hit ESC if you do not agree and PAGE UP or PAGE DOWN to scroll through each screen. Note: If you do not agree to the terms, setup will quit and reboot the system.

4) This is the hard drive partitioning options. Here you can use the existing partition to set up an new Windows 2000 (press Enter). You may also delete the existing partition (press D)� and create a new partition (press C). I advise you to delete the existing partition so all files will be deleted.

5) After you press D, a warning screen shows informing you that the partition you are trying to delete contains system files needed to boot from windows 2000 and giving you two options. If you are sure with what you are doing, press ENTER, if not or you change your mind, press ESC key.

6) A confirmation screen appear showing the information of partition size to be deleted.� At this point, you have two options. Press L if you really want to delete the partition and press ESC key if you change your mind and dont want to delete the partition.

7) After the deletion, no partition is being shown. Now you can create a new partition (press C)

8) Enter the partition size suitable for Windows 2000 and see to it that other programs and files should fit on it. In this example, I created half of the hard drive maximum size.

9) After entering the partition size, press ENTER to confirm the creation, press ESC if you want to go back on the previous option.

10 windows setup informs you to format the selected partition. It will give you two options: Format the partition using the NTFS (New Technology File System) or Format the partition using FAT (File Allocation Table). Since Windows 2000 support NTFS, select the type of partition using up arrow key and press ENTER.

11) The yellow progress bar appear indicating that Windows setup is formatting the partition.

12) After the formatting, Windows setup should create a list of files to be copied from your bootable disc to the partition.

13) Windows setup at this point is copying all important files needed to boot the hard drive and continue the installation.

14) This screen appear after the files were copied. Below the screen, you could read that Windows setup is now loading all necessary files for installations.

15) The red progress bar appear and Windows setup informs you that a portion of Setup is complete. Your computer should restart automatically or you could manually restart it by pressing ENTER. Make sure that you will not press any key after the reboot.

16) This is the Windows setup boot screen. Just wait because it should automatically load the setup.

17) This screen is now a part of GUI (Graphical User Interface) setup process. Just wait for it to proceed on the next screen.

18) This is the Windows setup wizard dialog box. Click next to continue.

19) The next dialog box is Installing devices. Just wait until the setup wizard finish the installing of devices such as mouse and keyboard.

20) The regional Settings dialog box appears giving you the options to customize system regional location. The default here is United States. You may also customize the keyboard layout. If you want to use the default select Next.

21) Input your name and organization and click Next.

22) Enter the unique 25 digit Product Key. You can find it on your Windows 2000 CD then select the Next button.

23) Type the name you like for this computer and set an administrator password for security.

24) Configure the correct time, date and Time Zone suitable for your� country. This could be done by clicking the drop down and up arrow button.

25) A blue progress bar appears indicating that networking components are automatically installing.

26) The Network Settings Dialog box appear giving you two options. Select the radio buttons for Typical Settings if you want to standard settings or click the radio button for Custom settings if you want to make your own selections.� Then click Next to continue.

27) The Workgroup or Computer Domain dialog window appear asking you if you want your computer to be a member of a domain. Click the Radio buttons of your selection. If you choose Yes, you may need to enter the workgroup name or computer domain then click Next button.

28) Installing Components dialog window appear. At this point, Windows setup is copying all files and installing iton your hard drive.

30) Performing the final tasks window showed up. Here you will see that Windows setup Install start menu items, registers windows components, save settings and removes any temporary files used.

31) Completing the Windows 2000 Setup Wizard appear. Just click next to continue.

32) Windows 2000 boot screen appear again. Just wait until new window show up.

33) The Network Identification Wizard window appear. Just click next to continue on installations.

35) On the Connecting to the network dialog window, select the option that best describe your computer. Click the radio button and click Next. On this example I choose the the first option which tells that this computer is a part of a business network and I use it to connect to other computer.

35. You are done! The windows 2000 appear showing you the desktop along its first window which is the Getting Started with Windows 2000.

Windows Vista system requirements
  • 1 gigahertz (GHz) 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) processor
  • 1 gigabyte (GB) of system memory (512 megabytes (MB) for Home Basic)
  • 40 GB hard drive with at least 15 GB of available space (20 GB for Home Basic)
  • Support for DirectX 9 graphics with WDDM and 128 MB of graphics memory (32 MB for Home Basic)
  • DVD-ROM drive
  • Audio Output
  • Internet access (fees may apply)
Additional requirements:
Actual requirements and product functionality may vary based on your system configuration.
While all editions of Windows Vista can support multiple core CPUs, only Windows Vista Business, Ultimate, and Enterprise can support dual processors.
Minimum requirements:
  • 800 megahertz (MHz) processor and 512 MB of system memory
  • 20 GB hard drive with at least 15 GB of available space
  • Support for Super VGA graphics
  • CD-ROM drive

1) The first screen is the Windows Setup. This will show after you configure the BIOS to boot from optical disc. At this point, Setup is loading the files it needs to continue with installation.
2) The second screen shows a graphical progress bar should show next. Just wait for the next screen.

3) The third screen first graphical window appear, giving you the option to select Language, Time and currency format, and Keyboard layout. Click the drop down arrow to make your selections and click the Next button.
4) On the fourth screen, click the Install now button to continue, but if your intension is to repair the existing windows, click repair your computer (press Alt + R).

5) The fifth screen remind you to wait because Windows Vista is still processing what you selected.
6) On the sixth screen you are asked to enter the product key or "CD Key“. Check also the Automatically activate Windows when I’m online so your Windows will be activated automatically. Just make sure your are connected to the internet. Click the Next button to continue.

7) After entering the product key, the Install Windows shows the License terms. After reading, check the check box “I accept the license terms” and click the Next button.  
8) Step eight will ask about the installation type you want on your computer. I choose Custom Advance to continue.
9) The step nine still shows the Install Windows and this time, it ask you to manage your hard drive allocation space. Select your hard drive and the Drive options (advance) give you the chance to custom your hard drive allocation space. Let’s click this for this example.
10) After clicking the advance option, additional options appear. This time, select the hard drive and click New. This should give you the chance to allocate a disk space for Windows and future installations. The Delete option allows you to delete the existing allocation.

11) After giving the needed information, We are still in the Installing Windows and this time,  all you need to do is to wait because Windows automatically do all the tasks for you. On this window, you will see the tasks listed from copying Windows files, Expanding files, Installing features, Installing updates and Completing Installation. It also reminds you that your computer will restart automatically.
12) Your computer needs to restart to continue and do not forget that your disc is still on your optical drive. Do not press any key or else you will be repeating all what you done. Just wait until Windows setup window appear again to make sure. 

13) After the reboot, a black screen with a Windows Vista Logo and a text below it saying: “Please wait a moment while windows prepares to start for the first time..”
14) On the fourteenth screen, you will be back to Install Windows and this time, Completing installation is the last task.

15) Set Up Windows allows you to make an account. Type in a username and password for your account and click Next button.
16) Windows Setup gives you the chance to choose a name for your computer. So type in your desired name for your computer inside the box and click Next or hit Enter.

17) Set up windows allows you to configure your computer security settings. Choose the recommended settings so the protection and updates for your computer is automatic as long as your computer is connected to the internet.
18) Setup Windows continues and this time asking for you to select the appropriate Time Zone setup for your computer. This includes the time and date.

19)Set Up Windows should ask you to select your computer’s current location. For this example, You have the option Home if this is network at your home, Work if the network is your workplace and choose public if you are not sure about the network.
20) Set up Windows appear where you could read “Thank You”. This means that the windows setup is almost finish and all you need to do is click the Start button.

21) “Getting it done just more fun” This text appear next which means that the Windows Vista setup is checking your computer performance.
22. The logon screen showed up and asking for your user password. Type in the password you made and click the arrow  button or hit enter to continue.

23) A text saying “Preparing your desktop…” showed up. Just wait for your desktop to appear, this will take a minute depending upon the computer performance.
24) The Personalize dialog window appear showing you that Windows Vista setup is working on the settings for Internet and Microsoft Windows Mail.

25) Congratulations! Windows Vista Setup is now finish. The Windows Vista desktop should appear. You could start using your operating system and proceed on drivers and application software installation.

Windows XP Installation guide
The minimum hardware requirements for Windows XP Home Edition are:
  • Pentium 233-megahertz (MHz) processor or faster (300 MHz is recommended)
  • At least 64 megabytes (MB) of RAM (128 MB is recommended)
  • At least 1.5 gigabytes (GB) of available space on the hard disk
  • CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive
  • Keyboard and a Microsoft Mouse or some other compatible pointing device
  • Video adapter and monitor with Super VGA (800 x 600)or higher resolution
  • Sound card
  • Speakers or headphones
The minimum hardware requirements for Windows XP Professional include:
  • Pentium 233-megahertz (MHz) processor or faster (300 MHz is recommended)
  • At least 64 megabytes (MB) of RAM (128 MB is recommended)
  • At least 1.5 gigabytes (GB) of available space on the hard disk
  • CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive
  • Keyboard and a Microsoft Mouse or some other compatible pointing device
  • Video adapter and monitor with Super VGA (800 x 600) or higher resolution
  • Sound card
  • Speakers or headphones 

1) This is the Windows Setup. This will show after you configure the BIOS to booth from CD. At this point, Setup is loading the driver files it needs to continue with installation.
2) The next screen is the "Welcome to Setup" giving you the option to ENTER or Continue Setup, R, if you want to repair a previous installation, or F3 for Quit the setup.
3) The "Windows XP Licensing Agreement" screen, otherwise known as "EULA," displays the legal information for the Windows software package.  Press F8 to agree with the terms, hit ESC if you do not agree and PAGE UP or PAGE DOWN to scroll through each screen. Note: If you do not agree to the terms, setup will quit and reboot the system.
4) Hard drive partition gives you the option to continue the setup (press ENTER), create new partition (press C) delete existing partition (press D) or quit (press F3).This example already has a partition. I will delete first this partition and create a new one.
5) After pressing D to delete the selected partition, a warning screen appears explaining the results of deleting it. This screen only appears when the partition selected to be deleted is formatted as a bootable system partition. There are two options, press ENTER to continue, or ESC to Cancel.
6) Because we delete the partition, a confirmation screen that displays the logical drive, what file system the partition is currently using, the size in MB and controller information. Press L to Delete the partition and ESC to Cancel the action.
7) At this point, no partitions have been previously defined. You may create as many partitions as you wish by pressing C to Create a Partition and then entering in a value less then the total available. To select the partition you wish to install, use the UP arrow and DOWN ARROW keys. Press ENTER to use the highlighted partition and Install, C to Create a Partition, or F3 to Quit and reboot the system.
8) Create a new partition size in MB within the displayed minimum and maximum size. In this example, the maximum size is created. You may choose ENTER to Create the new partition or ESC to Cancel the action.
9) Note: There will be small a space that will be unavailable to partition. This is normal. In this example, it is 2 MB just ignore it.  Choose drive C: or Partition1 to install the Operating System. You may now press ENTER to Install the OS in the selected partition.
10) Windows XP supports NTFS, so format the partition with it. You may press the UP ARROW and DOWN ARROW keys to select the type of partition. Press ENTER to confirm your selection and Continue or ESC to Cancel

11) At this point, the progress bar shows setup formats the partition. It may take a while, depending upon your computer's performance.
12) On this screen, setup is now creating list of files to copy over to the hard drive.

13) After formatting the partition, setup copies various files to support booting from the hard drive and continue on.
14) Setup then loads necessary information files to continue on with setup.

15) The system reboot itself automatically. If can’t wait for the 15 seconds, press ENTER to Restart.
16) The new Windows XP boot screen is displayed after the reboot.

17) This screen show that windows XP special features are prepare for windows installation. Just sit back and wait for it to finish.
18) Now you see the setup is already installing windows.

19) Windows XP setup will also ask you to input your full name and the name of your company. Enter The Name and Organization and click Next to continue.
20) This window appear after a while. This is the Regional and Language Options. You may customize it or just click next to continue.

21) Enter the unique 25 digit Product Key that came with your CD, then select the Next button.
22.) Type a name for your computer. Select Next to Continue

23) Configure the proper information for the Date, Time and Time Zone here.

24) The Network Settings Dialog is next. Choose the Typical settings. Select the Next button.

25) Windows XP will automatically change the "default" resolution of 640 x 480 and prompts you to press ok. Select OK to continue.

26) Windows automatically adjusted the screen resolution and asking your confirmation. Press OK so the changes will take effect and cancel to disregard the changes.

27) The "Welcome Screen" will now appear.
28) A pop up balloon dialog appears. You may click the pop-up balloon to change the resolution up to 800 x 600 automatically.

29.) All done! Next is the installation of drivers and application softwares.