Adobe Photoshop Tutorial


Adobe Photoshop was created by Thomas and John Knoll in the summer of 1988. Adobe purchase the program and the first license was release in October 1988.

Here is the table showing the Adobe Photoshop history

Adobe Photoshop History

Photoshop is image editing software that allows the user to produce complex images, before Photoshop was used as photographic editor, but nowadays, it is also used in photo retouching application with a wide variety of functionality as an overall graphics tool.

Image-editing is the process of changing or modifying a bitmapped image, usually with an image editor.

Photo-retouching is the process of repairing defects, removing dust and scratches, correcting color, and removing unwanted elements from images.

JPEG - Joint Photographic Experts Group. This can display more than 16 million colors in a single image.

PNG - Portable Network Graphic.

GIF - Graphic Interchange Format. This can display up to 256 colors.

BMP is a standard Windows bit-mapped graphic image file format

PDF - Portable Data File

CMYK - mode defines colors according to their percentages of cyan, magenta, yellow and black - the four printing inks.

Pixel – This comes from the word Picture Element (PEL). A pixel is the smallest portion of an image or display that a computer is capable of printing or displaying.

Resolution - Refers to the sharpness and clarity of an image. In a computer monitors, the screen resolution signifies the number of dots (pixels) on the entire screen. A 640-by-480 pixel screen is capable of displaying 640 distinct dots on each of 480 lines, or about 300,000 pixels.

Image Ready - Another application that comes with Photoshop which is used to create specific types of Wev Graphics.

Context Sensitive Item- These are the buttons located at the Context Sensitive Menu which changes depending on what tool is selected in the Toolbox

Layers - These are sheets or levels in the images that segregate image component. Layer will allow the user to edit portions on the image.

Image Ready - Another application that comes with Photoshop which is used to create specific types of Web Graphics. 

Context Sensitive Item- These are the buttons located at the Context Sensitive Menu which changes depending on what tool is selected in the Toolbox

Layers - These are sheets or levels in the images that segregate image component. Layer will allow the user to edit portions on the image.

Preset Workspaces – This option is located in the Window Menu under Workspace where it allows you to save your preferred working environment.

Metadata - This is the information about the file such as the file author, file size and date created.

Camera Raw - An image file captured using a digital camera which contains minimal processed data.

Active Window- The active window is an open window currently in used.

Aspect Ratio - is the proportion of the object's height to its width. For example, a square has an aspect ratio of 1-to-1.

Blur - is an editing tool in Photoshop that diffuses the contrast between neighboring pixels.



The Photoshop work space consists of the following:

1. Toolbox – This box consisting of different buttons which allows you to select, move and edit, manipulate and view images.

Floating palettes – These are independent groups of related tools and options that can be displayed on the Photoshop workspace.

3. Menu bar – This bar located on the upper window below the title consisting nine menus, with additional submenus and command options.

4. Options bar – This bar is usually located below the menu bar and changes its options as you select a tool on the toolbox.
The Adobe Photoshop CS5 Window Elements
Activity for Students and Teachers


Click here to download the printable form



The Toolbox Elements
Gripper Bar – this is a handle used to easily move menus, palettes, options bar and toolbox anywhere in Photoshop Window. Click and hold down the left mouse button at the gripper bar and use dragging to move the bar to another location. 

How to create a new Photoshop Document

There are different ways to create a new Photoshop Document here are some;
A. Use the File Menu
Steps:
   1. Access File Menu
   2. Click New

B. Use the keyboard shortcut combination 
   1. Press Ctrl + N 
   2. On the New Dialog Window, Type the Name, Set the size, resolution and color mode of the Document.
 

How to save in Adobe Photoshop
Saving in Adobe Photoshop could be done in different way and in file could be save in different format. It is recommended to save your file in Photoshop document (psd) first before saving it to other format in order to preserve all the features you applied in your document like layers,  effects, colors, text and other editing tools.

To save your Photoshop document (psd) follow the following steps
1. Click File and Click save (Ctrl+S)

2. On the Save as Window, choose the location where you want to save your file by clicking the drop down arrow on Save in box.


3. Rename your psd and click save. You can change the file format here by clicking the drop down arrow along File type format box. 

How to Create New Layer 

By default, New Photoshop Document already have the default background layer. There are many ways to create a new layer.




 You can create new layer using the Layer Menu. Follow these steps
1. Click Layer
2. Click New
3. Cick Layer


The New Layer Dialog Window will appear. Rename the default name (Layer 1) on the name box. You can also set the color and blending modes. Click OK if your done.

 Creating Layer could be done also by clicking the Create New Layer button below the Layer palette


Then you will see a new layer will be created. The default name is Layer 1. You could rename this if you want


 Renaming Layer 

To Renane the layer, you could right click on the layer and click Layer Properties then on the Layer Window, rename it and click OK


Another way of renaming the layer is by double clicking the Layer name and when you see the blinking cursor, rename it.

Creating a Bookmark in Photoshop

In this lesson you will learn how Bookmark is created using Adobe Photoshop. Below is the final output of a bookmark and we will also discuss how the following will be done in Adobe Photoshop. 

A. Inserting Layer
B. Inserting and Formatting Text
C. Inserting Images
D. Removing Background using quick selection and magic wand tool
E. Resizing Image
F. Saving as psd as image file (jpeg and png format)

Ok let's begin with Creating a new Photoshop Document of a Bookmark. Follow the following steps

Create a 2 inches width by 6 inches height, set the resolution to 300 and white background. 


To Change the Foreground Color, follow the following steps;

1. If you want to change the background color, Click the Set the Foreground Color in Toolbox 

2. Choose a color in the Color Picker (Foreground Color) Window then click OK



3. Click the Paint Bucket Tool in the toolbox

4. Click on the background layer.

Now let us learn how to Insert and Format text on our Photoshop Document. Follow these steps 

1. Click the Horizontal Type Tool in the toolbox so we can insert a text for our quotation. 


2. Set the text color into your desired color

3. Click and drag your mouse to the canvas area to insert text, then type your quotation. 

4. Type the text or your quotation

5. To format the text, you can use the Character window. To show the character window, click Window then click Character. From here you can change the Font style, size, color Line spacing, Character spacing and other text formatting. 

To Insert an Image for our Bookmark, do the following: 

1. Click File then click Open.

2. Select the picture for your psd then click OK. 

3. SELECT ALL the picture, do this by pressing Ctrl + A, press and Ctrl + C to COPY then go back to your psd and press Ctrl + V to PASTE it on a new layer.


To Resize the Image, do the following steps: 

1. Press Ctrl + T (transform) on the image (thomas jeferson) layer 

2. Set the image to your desired size and location use the Move Tool to move the image. 


To Remove the Background from our image, do the following: 

1. Click the Quick Selection tool in the toolbox. 

2. Select the backround on the image layer 

3. Let us also delete some portion of or image, you can also use the Magic wand tool in the toolbox. 

4. Now click on the black are on the image layer, but do not delete yet. 

5. Select the background layer and press delete. 

6. Since you deleted the image background, and some portion of your background, your psd should look like below. 

Now we have the finish output. you may now use this as your bookmark for printing. 






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